A Honey bee is a flying insect who’s primary purpose is in the facilitating of the production and storage of honey in wax nests or hives. They have a hierarchical structure in the nest of workers, drones and queens. There are only 7 recognized species of honey bee in the world and they all come from the genus Apis. These are:-
- Apis andreniformis, also known as the black dwarf honey bee – found in tropical and sub-tropical regions of Asia, including India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Burma, Philippines and Southeast China. The most distinguishing feature of this bee are the black stripes on its legs.
- Apis florea also known as the red dwarf honey bee – found in southern and south-eastern Asia and very closely linked to the the andreniformis bee, having only recently been designated and categorised as a separate species. The florea bee is unsurprisingly very similar in appearance but it is generally of a redder, lighter color than the andreniformis.
- Apis dorsata, also known as the giant honey bee – found primarily in forested areas of southeast Asia, such as the wooded regions of Nepal and Malaysia. These bees can reach up to an inch in length.
- Apis cerana, also known as asiatic or eastern honey bee – found in southern/southeastern asia in China, Pakistan, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia
- Apis koschevnikovi, also known as Koschevnikov’s bee – found in Malaysia, Indonesia and Borneo. It lives alongside other bee species such as Apis cerana.
- Apis mellifera, also known as the western or European honey bee – found in Europe, Africa and Asia and the Americas.
- Apis nigrocincta inhabits only a small geographical area – the island of Mindanao in the Philippines and the islands of Sangihe and Sulawesi in Indonesia.